First Bend of the Yangtze River
The Jinsha River, the upper reaches of the Yangtze
River, rises in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and flows southward.
When the river reaches Shigu Township of Lijiang County, it makes
an abrupt turn and flows northward, forming a great V-shaped bend
reputed as the First Great Bend of the Yangtze River.
Shigu township is 70 kilometers away from Lijiang
County. A drum-shaped stone tablet is built on the small hill
at the turn for the Jinsha River. Thus the town got its name.
1.5 meters in diameter, the tablet was set up in the Jiajing Period
of the Ming Dynasty (1548-1561) by the magistrate of Lijiang Prefecture
-Mugao to commemorate the Naxis' victory over the Tubo Kingdom
in their westward expansion. Both sides of the tablet were inscribed
withy characters in intaglio recounting the event. The Shigu Ferry
is a good place to cross the river as it is wide and flows slowly
there. Historically,it has long been a place of military importance.
It was said that during the Three Kingdom Period, when Zhuge Liang
pacified the turbulance in Nanzhong (Sichuan), his army "cross
the Lu River in May" ( The Jinsha River was called Lu River
at that time )and Kublai Khan ( king of the Yuan Dynasty ) "
ferried across the river on leather bags" at this very place.
In April 1936, led by He Long, Ren Bishi and Xiao Ke, the Second
Route of the Red Army crossed the river and went northward to
fight against Japanese invaders from here. After Liberation, "
A Memorial to the Red Army's Crossing Shigu Ferry" was built
up on a hill behind the Stone Drum Tablet. 8.1 meters high, the
memorial stands majestically and solemnly. It is a cultural relic
under provincial protection. In front of the memorial, there is
a tower -like building, " The Red Army Museum" in which
relics of the Second Route of the Red Army passing through Yunnan
during the Long March are on display.
the embankment of the river bend to the right side of the Stone
Drum, there is a willow wood protecting the embankment; to the
left side of the Stone Drum, the Chongjiang River joins Jinsha
River. Tiehong Bridge, an iron chain framework laid with planks,
crosses over the initiative of Zhou Lanping, a successful candidate
of Shigu in the imperial examination at the provincial level in
the late Qing dynasty.
Being an important township for tea and horse
trade on the route between the inland and Tibet in ancient times,
the township was economically prosperous. Now, there is a market
day in every three days when the town bustles with noise and excitement.
Lijiang Travel Attractions
Lake & Mosuo People
Dragon Snow Mountain
Bend of Yangtze River
Jade Dragon Golf