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Home >> Yunnan >> Yunnan Travel Guide >> Lijiang >> First Bend of the Yangtze River tour guide

First Bend of the Yangtze River

First Bend of the Yangtze river

The Jinsha River, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, rises in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and flows southward. When the river reaches Shigu Township of Lijiang County, it makes an abrupt turn and flows northward, forming a great V-shaped bend reputed as the First Great Bend of the Yangtze River.

First Bend of the Yangtze River
First Bend of the Yangtze River

Shigu township is 70 kilometers away from Lijiang County. A drum-shaped stone tablet is built on the small hill at the turn for the Jinsha River. Thus the town got its name. 1.5 meters in diameter, the tablet was set up in the Jiajing Period of the Ming Dynasty (1548-1561) by the magistrate of Lijiang Prefecture -Mugao to commemorate the Naxis' victory over the Tubo Kingdom in their westward expansion. Both sides of the tablet were inscribed withy characters in intaglio recounting the event. The Shigu Ferry is a good place to cross the river as it is wide and flows slowly there. Historically,it has long been a place of military importance. It was said that during the Three Kingdom Period, when Zhuge Liang pacified the turbulance in Nanzhong (Sichuan), his army "cross the Lu River in May" ( The Jinsha River was called Lu River at that time )and Kublai Khan ( king of the Yuan Dynasty ) " ferried across the river on leather bags" at this very place. In April 1936, led by He Long, Ren Bishi and Xiao Ke, the Second Route of the Red Army crossed the river and went northward to fight against Japanese invaders from here. After Liberation, " A Memorial to the Red Army's Crossing Shigu Ferry" was built up on a hill behind the Stone Drum Tablet. 8.1 meters high, the memorial stands majestically and solemnly. It is a cultural relic under provincial protection. In front of the memorial, there is a tower -like building, " The Red Army Museum" in which relics of the Second Route of the Red Army passing through Yunnan during the Long March are on display.

On the embankment of the river bend to the right side of the Stone Drum, there is a willow wood protecting the embankment; to the left side of the Stone Drum, the Chongjiang River joins Jinsha River. Tiehong Bridge, an iron chain framework laid with planks, crosses over the initiative of Zhou Lanping, a successful candidate of Shigu in the imperial examination at the provincial level in the late Qing dynasty.

Being an important township for tea and horse trade on the route between the inland and Tibet in ancient times, the township was economically prosperous. Now, there is a market day in every three days when the town bustles with noise and excitement.

Lijiang Travel Attractions
Lugu Lake & Mosuo People
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain
Tiger Leaping Gorge
First Bend of Yangtze River
Ancient Naxi Music
Jade Spring Park
Baisha Mural
Yufeng Lamasery
Dongba Culture
Lijiang Jade Dragon Golf
Laojunshan Mountain

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